First documented in 1142 by Pope Innocent II, King Konrad III and Archbishop Hillin of Trier, Attenhausen was one of the endowments of Arnstein Abbey, which had eight farms here, and this connection is also reflected in the local emblem. In the emblem, a mitre symbolises the former affiliation to Arnstein Abbey. The ears of grain represent agriculture, which was the main source of income in earlier times. The angular division to the base of the shield means the Jammertal and the blue wave line stands for the Dörsbach. The place name Attenhausen is mentioned in 1142 as "Hattenhausen". In the years 1146/56 Attenhausen carries the place name "Hattenhusen". The form of the name points to the name "Hatto". 1255 Attenhausen was Nassauian, 1355 it belonged to the Vierherrischen, i.e. the rule of 4 lords over the Einrich, one of the 12 Gaue, into which Nassau was divided. After the reformation a large part of the Arnstein serfs lived in Attenhausen. The village Attenhausen was always a branch of the parish Kördorf.