15 civil engineering floors and a shaft almost 900 metres deep
The Romans already did mining in the valley of the Emsbach. Later the archbishops of Trier increased their income with the silver found in Ems. Because of the industrialisation in the 18th/19th century metal was urgently needed. The relation between mines and spa weren’t always trouble-free: water was diverted, dark clouds of smoke were produced, and thus the continuing conflict between rather differing economic branches was smouldering. The “Neuhoffnungsstollen”, which was started in 1858, was the most important mine in Bad Ems. There were 15 floors and the shaft was nearly 900 metres deep.